Harmandar Sahib ( Golden Temple ) Amritsar, INDIA
Gurdwaras are religious place of Sikhs. Gurdwara mean ‘gateway to guru’. It is the place of worship of sikh people. The origin of Sikhism and Gurdwaras started from the holy city Amritsar in Punjab. There are considered as 10 gurus in the history of Sikhism followed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das, Guru Arjan Dev, Guru Har Gobind, Guru Har Rai, Guru Har Krishan, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Guru Gobind Singh and Guru Granth Sahib. The epic guru Granth sahib is located in all the Gurdwara which is a holy book. There are many Gurdwaras in the world .
Here is the list of top 10 Most Expensive Gurdwaras (Sikh Temple) in the World, starting from the Most Expensive
Sri Guru Singh Sabha, Place: Southhall, UK, Cost: 35 Million Dollars
Gurdwara Sri Guru Singh Sabha Southall was established in England by Sikhs who had emigrated in the 1950s and early 1960s. By the 1950s, a significant number of Sikhs were living in Britain, and the main congregational gathering was at Shepherd’s Bush Gurdwara. To accommodate the Southall Sikhs, the Southall Sikh Cultural Society was established in 1960. This organisation held Sunday programmes at Shackleton Hall until it moved to 11 Beaconsfield Road.
The Havelock Road site was purchased in 1967. The dairy was transformed into the Gurdwara in a matter of weeks. In April 1967, the Khanda was brought to England from the Tosha Khana at Darbar Sahib Amritsar for Amrit Sanchar. From those humble beginnings, Sri Guru Singh Sabha Southall emerged as the leading Gurdwara in Europe.
San Jose Gurdwara California, USA , Cost: 32 Million Dollars
The Sikh Gurdwara or Sikh Gurdwara – San Jose (a gurdwara is the Sikh place of worship) was founded in San Jose, California, USA in 1985 by leaders of the then-rapidly growing Santa Clara Valley Sikh community. Initially the community met in a rented community center, but soon bought a small building in east San Jose. After buying nearby land in 1995, they decided it would be too expensive to build in the city limits, so they sold that land and bought a larger property further east. The first phase of the project of almost 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2) was completed in 2004.
The second phase was completed in April 2011, making it the largest gurdwara in North America at 90,000 square feet (8,400 m2). The chief architect and designer of the project is the late Malkiat Singh Sidhu. The largest audience at the San Jose Gurdwara was on opening day when some 20,000 people were thought to have come.
Gurdwara Guru Granth Sahib ,Glasgow, Scotland, 25 Million Dollars
In April 2013, the Scottish Sikh community took a momentous in the opening of Scotland’s first purpose-built Sikh Gurdwara. After 51 years in the previous Gurdwara, this was both an emotional and exciting time for the whole community. The new Gurdwara is situated on 37 Albert Drive and will serve as the new home for the Sikh community of Glasgow.
The land was purchased in the early 2000’s at the site of a disused Network Rail tram depot. The building was designed by local architects CRGP and the contractor was Gavan-based CBC. The total project came in under budget, with a final cost price of £3.8m, all of which was fund-raised by the community.
The new Gurdwara is located adjacent to the Tramway Theatre in Glasgow, and neighbors the Hidden Gardens. The site has a sizable off-street car park, which can hold over 100 cars. The Sikh Gurdwara is accessed through a special gateway, and has the capacity to accommodate 1,500 worshipers.
Akali Singh Gurdwara, Vancouver, Canada, 22 Million Dollars
The Akali Singh Gurdwara is in East Vancouver, along Skeena Street. It opened in 1952 in response to a religious dispute.
Around the time it opened, the Akali Singh Gurdwara did not permit people who had no facial hair from being a part of its management committee, but it allowed them to be a part of the auditing committee and some of the individuals who gave significant amounts of money to the gurdwara were clean-shaven.
Ontario Khalsa Darbar , Toronto, Canada, 21 Million Dollars
The Ontario Khalsa Darbar is a notable Sikh temple in Mississauga, Ontario. One of the largest Sikh temples in Canada, it attracts tens of thousands of celebrants for major religious festivals. A gurdwara meaning “the doorway to the Guru”, is the Sikh place of worship and may be referred to as a Sikh temple.
It was officially started in 1978 in a small trailer. Steadily, more and more money was raised and land was purchased and a building was created in 1988. Its new location is at 7080 Dixie Road, Mississauga, Ontario. The opening ceremony in 1989 drew a crowd of 10,000.
During the 1990s more land was bought and an outdoor stadium was built. Hardial Dhir Architect was chosen to reconstruct and design the community center and additions to the Gurdwara. The Gurdwara is the central Gurdwara in the Greater Toronto Area.
Guru Nanak Darbar ,Dubai, UAE, 20.1 Million Dollars
Sikhism in the United Arab Emirates has a following of over 50,000 the majority of Sikhs in the UAE are found in Dubai and are expatriates hailing from Punjab, India. There are smaller numbers of Pakistani Sikhs also.
There is a Sikh Gurdwara in Dubai which serves over 10,000 worshippers. In June 2010, foundations were laid for the Guru Nanak Darbar. At a cost of $20 million, the large gurdwara is located in Jebel Ali, Dubai and will be the first ‘official’ Sikh temple in the entire Gulf, catering to the needs of the local Sikh community. An area of 25,400 sq ft (2,360 m2) of land was given by Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum for the construction of the building. A community member and local businessman who proposed the gurdwara remarked “My dream is to make Guru Nanak Durbar the best, second only to the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
Gurunanak Darbar is modelled on both the Golden Temple and the gurdwara in Southall, London by Interior designer Paul Bishop. Apart from a large carpeted prayer hall, there are three smaller rooms for private functions, a meditation room, a library and the spacious ‘langar’ or common kitchen hall. The state-of-the-art kitchen can serve the 10,000 plus worshipers who come every Friday.