CORRUPTION – # 1 Reason
As an Indian myself, I often ask myself following Questions. I am sure you also wonder the same.
- Why is India still a developing country?
- Why will India never be a developed country?
- When will India become a developed country?
- Reasons why India is an “ever” developing country?
Now, India COULD become a great nation, and MAY even become one, but NOT the way it has been going about it for 60 years. The far-reaching governance reforms India needs are so daunting and so distant from its current reality that India is GUARANTEED to remain a Third World nation under its current dispensation.That is why I wrote this post to give you some facts that will prove that India can NEVER be a developed country unless all these reasons are eradicated. there are however hundreds of reasons that are pulling our nation into backwardness, but I decided to point out 10 reasons why India can never become a developed country. If, however, you feel this is PERFECT, then God save India.
CORRUPTION is the main Reason Why India is Still a Developing country. Our corruption index have back pedaled for many years. Each year getting from bad to worse.As long as our politicians and civil servants are well schooled in the fine art of corruption, the less likelihood the chance for our country to progress to a develop country. No one can disagree in this with me.
No one questions the prevalence of corruption in India. The politicians of the two principal parties may blame each other but the fact of corruption is inescapable. What is more, corruption in India is not news. It has been around since the early years of Independence. Nehru was appalled to notice the behaviour of Congress legislators in UP as early as 1946. He thought they had violated all the provisions of the Indian Penal Code in one way or another!
India also has a lot of laws to fight corruption. There have been inquiries and commissions on corruption going back more than fifty years. There have been several attempts over the last forty years to pass the Lokpal legislation and the latest one is still pending. The Anna Hazare movement has waxed and waned. Across India, be it mining scams in Karnataka, housing scams in Maharashtra, 2G, Taj Corridor, Bihar fodder scandal etc; there are corruption scandals, some pending, some abandoned, some yet to come up for prosecution everywhere you look.
It cannot be that India needs another law to fight corruption. India has from the colonial days a tough legislative structure on proper behaviour in the public services very much on the old British model. B K Nehru in his memoirs relates how as a young ICS officer, he was chewed out by his superiors for accepting a free cinema pass from some cinema owner. He was told he was not to accept even unsolicited gifts, let alone ask for under-the-table cash. Gulzarilal Nanda, twice interim prime minister, retired to his two-room flat in Ahmedabad and lived in modest circumstances till he died. Over twenty plus years in office, including ministries which have subsequently become ATM ministries, he retired without taking a penny illegally. What has changed?
Racial Discrimination on Cast and Colour
In today’s border-less world any form of racial discrimination is viewed with abhorrence.Not only is it repulsive but it is totally unaccepted in every uncivilized country’s. But here in India its a way of life, people discriminate fellow country men every day in whatever way they can. As an Indian i know this, any one from India say they don’t then its a lie, We discriminated on their skin color, on their state, what language they speak, on religion, on cast system list goes on. Every one is ready to discriminate as much they can.
The population of India is the second largest in the world (China being the largest), currently at 1.21 billion people. This is about one sixth of the world’s population. Despite occupying just 2.4% of the world’s land area, India supports over 17.31% of the world population.
The average number of children born to one woman is 2.72 with a population growth rate of 1.548% (est.) for 2009. Life expectancy stands at 69, with averages of 72.6 in women and 67.5 in men.
Due to its vast areas of arable land, the majority of the Indian population live in rural areas, with 72.2% living among the 638,000 villages, leaving 27.8% residing in towns.
Expected growth of the Indian population – It is estimated that by 2020 India’s population will have grown to 1.331 billion people, and by 2030 it will have overtaken the population of China.
Growing gap between rich and poor
India has 269 million (or 22 percent) people under the poverty line, as against 407 million in 2004-05. This is latest claim of India’s Planning Commission in July 2013. The more comprehensive Multidimensional Poverty Index 2013 report of UK based Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) says there 53.7 percent (or650 million) people are poor. While there can never be agreement on poverty numbers, compare these numbers with the European Union and US populations of 500 millionand 310 million, respectively.
India holds the distinction of having the most number of poor of the world – a super poor nation!
India’s GDP is around 7% to 9% but still gap between Rich and a poor is too high. In ever 30 minutes a farmer commit suicide and in 1 hr 3200 people die with water borne diseases.
Jawaharlal Nehru once said ” INDIA is rich but INDIANS are poor”
Despite the country’s meteoric GDP growth rate (about 9%), poverty in India is still pervasive; especially in rural areas where 70% of India’s 1.2 billion population live. It is one of the fastest growing economies in the world and yet its riches are hardly redistributed across the population.
It spends only 1% of its GDP on health, which is half that of China, who is already planning on increasing that by… a substantial amount (ok, 3 to 4% if you must know). While we’re comparing public expenditure, contrast this with Russia and Brazil, whose spending on health is around 3.5% of their respective GDPs.
60 years of fighting Indian poverty
India’s government is well aware that poverty is a giant barrier to overcome if it is to fully develop the nation. A wide range of anti-poverty policies have been introduced since the 1950s, which nonetheless took effect after 20 years of implementation. If the decline in poverty went from 60% to 35% between the 70s and the early 90s, globalization and liberalization policies have made this trend go backwards in the 90s.
How? And why? Weren’t the effects of joining the global market place supposed to create growth? Why has India lagged behind China for so long? What went wrong?
Environmental Pollution & degradation
Environmental issues in India are many. Air pollution, water pollution, garbage pollution and wildlife natural habitat pollution challenge India. The situation was worse between 1947 through 1995. According to data collection and environment assessment studies of World Bank experts, between 1995 through 2010, India has made one of the fastest progress in the world, in addressing its environmental issues and improving its environmental quality. Still, India has a long way to go to reach environmental quality similar to those enjoyed in developed economies. Pollution remains a major challenge and opportunity for India.
India may be lagging behind China on several economic indicators but when it comes to environmental degradation, the country has definitely outsmarted its giant neighbor.
Of the world’s top 20 polluted cities, 13 are in India compared to just three in China. Air pollution slashes life expectancy by 3.2 years for the 660 million Indians who live in cities, including Delhi. In China, the corresponding dip is marginally lower at three years.
The Ganga and Yamuna are ranked among the world’s 10 most polluted rivers. China has just one. An evaluation in February ranked Vapi in Gujarat and Sukinda in Odisha among the 10 most environmentally-degraded zones in the world. China had no entries on the list.
The two nations have seen furious economic growth in the past decade fuelling a rapid rise in pollution. China leads the world in carbon emissions and India is in third position. But one important difference between the two emerging economies lies in China’s ability to manage the impact of breakneck economic growth on its environment much better than India. The effect of China’s success is most visible in its air and water, both of which have a direct bearing on public health.
Both countries were saddled with almost identical environmental concerns a decade ago, but China cleaned many of its polluted rivers and managed to check the spiralling urban air pollution through stringent rules.
The results are showing. “Beijing’s air pollution has dipped 40% since 2000 as we have taken steps to phase out polluting vehicles and put checks on building heating systems,” said Beijing municipal officer Li Kunsheng at an event in Delhi earlier this year.
In contrast, Delhi’s air pollution has steadily climbed by 20% in the same period with successive governments reluctant to act. The story is the same in cities across the country. Coimbatore is the only exception as the air there was found to be fit for breathing.
The impact of rising toxins in the air is clearly visible on an average Indian’s life, as proved by a Lancet study in 2012 that ranked air pollution as the sixth biggest killer with an annual estimated toll of 66 million.
ILLITERACY RATE is shocking
- India’s adult literacy rate is 63%.
- Despite improving from a level of just 48% in 1991, India still ha a relatively low literacy rate — especially compared to other major emerging markets in Asia.
- A relatively low literacy rate is a severe disadvantage as countries try to advance their economic prospects.
- A particularly dire aspect of India’s illiteracy problem is the large gap between male and female literacy.
- About 75% of Indian men had at least a basic level of literacy — 24 percentage points higher than the 51% literacy rate for women.
- The gender gap is lower — but still wide — for young Indians. The 88% literacy rate for young Indian men is 14 points higher than the 74% rate for young women.
- All over the world, women account for almost two-thirds (496 million) of the illiterate adults worldwide.
- More than one-third of all women around the world who are illiterate are Indian women (187 million).
- Worldwide, there are only ten countries in which the number of illiterate adults exceeds ten million — India (286 million), China (54 million), Pakistan (52 million), Bangladesh (44 million), Nigeria (41 million), Ethiopia (27 million), Egypt (15 million), Brazil (13 million), Indonesia (12 million) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (12 million).
- These ten countries were home to 556 million — or more than two-thirds — of the 781 million illiterate adults worldwide.
Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics with analysis by The Globalist Research Center.
India got independent on 15th August 1947 , Although , I came to know about Indian independence from books and believe on those but since when I came to my thoughts , I have always observed anarchy and injustice through out different part of country , Women getting raped on daily basis as it use to happen in British India , People getting murdered by rivals or for any other reasons, Politicians looting country assets during different development projects . Even cases of loot has been observed in different procurement procedures. I think we do not have that much of time or resource here to put down all atrocities being done by our own citizen on own people. It seems our fight for independence was just waste of time and We were fine in British rule only. It has been matter of discussion every now and then and topic has been part of group discussion in many MBA college admission process or Job interview GD topic.
We Indian do not know how to manage things and thus our political class has been unsuccessful in managing India as a country and Indians as citizen. Since ages we have been cursing or blaming our political class or Politician for all these atrocities but who is responsible for all this. I think we as Indian citizen are to be blamed for this, no one else. Their has been well known saying “As are the citizens same is ruler” . All the politicians whom we send to Parliament or State legislative assembly or the bureaucrats are coming from our society and between us.
With time we have realized that abuse of power is habit of Indian , our sample testing has identified that without consideration of caste , creed , ethnic back ground , grooming , profession most of the politician became corrupt after holding the public chair. Till the time Public chair or power was in hand of someone else , every one remain honest and as soon as power comes in own hand misadventure with power starts. We Indians are free in nature , recently an actress had said we Indian leave in large commode and who is responsible.
To certain extent one can say that our Political system is responsible for this and , if our political parties would have taken this seriously then we would have formed a better system through which we would have avoided all this but as an Indian , I do not think only Political system but We as an Individual who make this society are more responsible for this. From where does this political system comes int existence , from where these political parties come in to picture , all these are coming from within the society of which we are a part. We need to understand , we as society are evolving and will need some more decades to evolve , By DNA , we are slave. First time India has seen a Prime Minister as Mr Narendra Modi , who was born in free India who took few initiative to bring common people in Political or Government decision making system. Uptill now all our Political heads had experienced shadow of British rule. Free & Prosperous thought process has started coming to mind of Indian now and it will take some more time , we can use force to make people understand but then it will be Chinese type of society where Guns and Barrels are only answers to every question , I do not call it to be free nation for its citizen.
Skewed interpretation and implementation of our cultural beliefs and values.
Let me give you a few examples:
- Indian culture says, “Respect your elders”.
It meant that one should be grateful to their parents and elders for what they have done for them. One should take care of the elderly when they can no longer do so; like they did when we were kids.
It now is taken as meaning subservience to elders. Older people take this to imply that their kids should agree to whatever they say. They think that they have sole right on deciding the life trajectory of their kids and making their choices for them.माता पिता गुरु देवः (Mother, father, teacher, God) puts one’s mother at the highest pedestal of respect followed by the father, their teachers and then God.Nowhere does it encourage honor-killings, female-foeticide, eve-teasing, harassment etc.
- Dowry system says that a girl has equal right on their parental wealth.
When the bride departed, she was given her share of the parental property as it was considered her right.
Now it is seen as a mandatory payment from the girl’s parents to those of the guy’s. Something akin to a financial exchange because the boy “is more valuable than the girl”.
- Weddings usually were a time of festivity and marked one of the most important milestone in one’s life.
If a poor family did not have the means to conduct a ceremony, the entire village pooled in resources to help them as the son/daughter was considered to belong to the entire community and everyone had a duty towards him/her.
Now weddings have become a status symbol. If someone is not able to afford a lavish one, they are usually criticized and in cases, ostracized form the community. This forced them to take loans in order to pay for the expenses.
- Hinduism (the most prevalent religion of India) professes acceptance of varied viewpoints, tolerance and peaceful co-habitation.
A religion that has no set commandments, no single deity, no set rules for achieving salvation – one which accepted everyone and allowed everyone to leave and follow their own philosophy, symbolizes tolerance and a “live and let live” attitude.
Now there are these extremist “saffron outfits” and is riddled with issues of caste discrimination.
- Hinduism also, to some extent, encourages one to lead a good life by preaching the concept of karma (the cosmic version of the Newton’s 3rd law of motion) – As you sow, so shall you reap.
Hinduism professes the concept of reincarnation. And that one’s actions will determine one’s condition in the next life. This was meant to encourage people to live a good life. Do good and be good.
Now people look at a wretched person and say, “He/she must have done something horrendous in his/her past life.”They believe that by performing rituals and or donating to charity will cleanse them of their other sins – envy, jealousy, corruption, violence etc.What was actually meant was, (ASOIAF) “A good act does not wash out the bad, nor a bad act the good. Each should have its own reward.”Or as Marcus Aurelius said,
“Live a good life. If there are Gods and they are just, then they will not care how devout you have been, but will welcome you based on the virtues you have lived by. If there are Gods, but unjust, then you should not want to worship them. If there are no Gods, then you will be gone, but will have lived a noble life that will live on in the memories of your loved ones.”
Sadly, the way we have interpreted these are too far removed from what they were.
Unequal Distribution of Wealth
India happens to be a rich country inhabited by very poor people. – Dr Manmohan Singh
Unfortunately, since departure of the colonial British in 1947 all economic development has taken place in the cities, while the majority of the population lives in the countryside. Thus, the rural India has always remained neglected. Another peculiarity is the land holding pattern in India: most land has traditionally been under the control of a few landlords, leaving the vast majority landless. The “Zamindari system” of lopsided land ownership has ancient origin but given a boost during the British rule. Handful zamindars became legal owners of vast tracts of land and all others had to work for them to survive. This rent seeking exploitative system has since kept a vast majority of people in the rural India poor. Land reforms were debated noisily after independence but implementation lacked honest political will, despite the famous “Bhoodan Andolan” of Vinoba Bhave. Unfortunately, land reforms are no more an issue of public debates at present. All talks of poverty removal appear to center only around economic reforms, imitating the unsuitable Western capitalism.
Indians are really dirty and have bad attitude.
They (roughly 50% Indians) have a little less awareness of general civic sense. Every other person will be found spitting on the streets. Every other person pees in public. They don’t use water after using public urinals and expect that the particular sweeper is responsible for cleaning. They don’t think before loitering streets. They don’t think before throwing things out of the windows. But they are experts in blaming others.
They think only the street sweepers are supposed to keep them clean and they take things for granted. Sad, but true!
Every child is taught about environmental science in school by teachers and by parents at home. But when it comes to implementation, both the parents and children fail to keep up with what they learn!
I am not being particular with you and me but this applies to the general mass of India. Like Nature, India abhors a vacuum. Which is a prettier way of saying that India and Nature have had a longstanding joint venture that celebrates filling and trimming spaces with muck and filth that folks in other less rank cultures and countries seem to have such a problem with. It explains why there is no mention of Vedic-era flush toilet technology. It also explains why when three members of the Rolling Stones urinated in public in 1965 making headlines after being fined by the police, Indians wondered what the hullabaloo was all about.